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Sugar

What happens if you eat too much sugar?

Sugar is not inherently bad for you – it’s the amount and how frequently you eat it that matters.
When we eat food, the sugars are broken down into glucose and fructose, which are absorbed into the bloodstream. However fructose must then be converted into glucose in the liver.
If we consume more sugar than we burn through activity our liver converts the excess glucose into fat. Some of this fat stays in the liver but the rest is stored in fatty tissues around the body.
This is why repeatedly eating too much sugar can lead to weight gain, and even obesity, when combined with a sedentary lifestyle.

sugar
Here are some other health problems that can be caused by eating too much sugar:

• Diabetes:

Consuming too much sugar in your diet can lead to obesity, which increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Those with this condition don’t produce enough insulin and aren’t sensitive enough to what’s produced. Blood sugar levels aren’t regulated properly leading to thirst and tiredness in the short-term and damage to blood vessels, nerves and organs if left untreated.

• Heart disease:

Obesity also raises blood pressure and ‘bad’ cholesterol levels while lowering levels of ‘good’ cholesterol. These all contribute to raising the risk of heart disease.

• Fatty liver disease:

Excess sugar can be stored as fat in the liver. The condition has been linked to an increased risk of diabetes and even liver cancer.

• Tooth decay:

When we eat sugary foods, bacteria in our mouths break down the carbohydrates and produce acids that dissolve minerals in our tooth enamel. The longer the sugar is in contact with teeth, the more damage bacteria can cause. Left untreated this can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.

• Bad mood:

Sugary foods like chocolate, cake and biscuits have been labelled ‘bad mood food’ by the NHS. They can give you a quick burst of energy by causing a sharp increase in blood sugar, but when levels fall this can make your mood dip. This cycle can make you feel irritable, anxious, and tired.
Remember sugar can be hidden in the foods we eat, any word ending in ..ose in the ingredients list on your food contains sugar.

Over the past 30 years more and more sugar has been added to our food, this is especially so for low fat foods. When it was decided to reduce the fat in our foods manufacturers needed to add something to food to replace the flavour lost due to the fat being taken out, what they added was sugar. So beware, low fat foods will usually contain excess sugar and this can lead to many of the health problems listed above.

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